Bees have been in a state of decline for several years. Poisonous pesticides, loss of natural habitat and climate changes have decimated the honey bee population. The population of bees has been on such a downward spiral that they have actually been added to the Endangered Species List.
The Endangered Species List is maintained by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. After years of close observation, bees are seen to be in danger of extinction. Seven species of bees native to Hawaii have been added to the list. Several more species in the Continental U. S. are being petitioned.
The international version involves three listings – endangered, vulnerable, and threatened. It is called the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 90 percent of the world’s food supply is about 100 crops. 71 of these plant species are dependent on bees to fertilize them.
Agriculture is dependent on the bees because they fertilize the crops. Bees carry pollen from one plant to another. Sunshine and rain may nourish the plants, but it is the bees that are responsible for the regeneration of plants.
With no bees, manmade solutions will be necessary to pollinate the crops. The wind only counts for a small percentage of pollination. Small animals and other insects count for another small percentage of pollination.
A cloud of pollination could possibly be dropped by crop dusters. Another farm machine would have to be developed to move pollen from one plant to another. Humans could not carry out pollination by hand, due to time constraints for the acreage involved. One person could possibly do an acre a day. A wind machine lacks accuracy. The absolute best way for pollination to occur is a symbiotic bee to plant and plant to bee relationship.
Although big agriculture is dependent on bees, they rarely back the environmentalist viewpoint when it comes to bees. It is a curious thing.