It’s no secret that the traditional farming methods are struggling to survive. That image burned into people’s minds of individuals sitting atop an enormous tractor plowing through acres of raw, profitable wheat fields are simply a dying breed. As the changing climate combines with people’s new drive for organic food, non-GMO products, and even the price tag fear of that parent in the aisle, this is a burning of the candle at both ends for farmers.
All of these changes have led to rising food prices. In fact, food prices are rising faster than the typical inflation of the market. Ultimately, this leads to a negative impact on the food environment. This has led to a record number of people struggling to make enough money to put food on the table. As more and more people go without food on a daily basis, the world has thought hard about potential solutions. In the end, without food people will suffer and starve. Finding a solution to our food problems is a necessity.
This is where vertical farming comes in. The massive drive to produce cheap food has led to non-rotational farming. This leaches the soil of vital resources necessary to keep the food growing. By rotating crops, the soil stays fertile for other crops; however, this take time and people are struggling now. Vertical farming completely takes the soil out of the equation and grows food instead inside of a building. In this building of hundreds of shelves at various levels off of the ground. The crops are placed in these shelves and the roots and plants are allowed grow in a unique way. There isn’t any soil involved. The plants instead root in some sort of artificially produced substrate. This substrate would contain all of the nutrients necessary to grow crops to their full potential the same way that soil would. Furthermore, the soil would be allowed to rest after being raked through the coals by centuries of human farming. With the changing climate, more floods, droughts, and other forms of severe weather are expected. This not only places the traditional crops at risk but also means the soil will have its own problems to contend with. Vertical farming will help to keep people fed while keeping the Earth safe.