Coffee Farmers Will Suffer Due to Climate Change Without Intervention

Many people love waking up to the smell of coffee brewing. Look around any city and you will see coffee shops on nearly every corner. Why? We love our coffee! The morning coffee tradition is likely to become a thing of the past in the next several decades due to climate change’s impact on the coffee industry.
Scientists say that Nicaragua, a major producer of coffee beans, will likely lose the majority of its coffee farming land by 2050. Other producers of coffee, such as Tanzania will reach “critically low levels” about a decade later. Climate change will render the coffee producing areas around the equator inhospitable for coffee plants within this century, affecting consumers and farmers on a massive scale.
Coffee farmers are among 120 million of the poorest people in the world. Without the crops from the coffee plants they farm, they would suffer tremendous hardship. Coffee farmers rely on their coffee plants as a major crop and this crop may not be viable in a little over 30 years and may go extinct, without intervention, by the end of the century.
Coffee plants are a unique plant that becomes weak if it does not have genetic diversity, much like animals and people. Healthy coffee plants need the diversity of wild coffee plants so that they are not susceptible to disease, weather, and other factors that can impact coffee plant health and production. Wild coffee plants are currently expected to be extinct within 65 years. This will quickly weaken and destroy the future coffee plants which will be more easily damaged and will yield fewer and lower quality fruit.
The solution for the problem is to relocate the crops away from the equator, where the temperatures will become too hot to grow. That solution isn’t helpful to poor coffee farmers who cannot afford to relocate. It takes money to begin a new crop and years for it to yield fruit, which means farmers could not financially survive the relocating of these crops without some form of assistance from outside sources.
Climate change is no longer a problem for future generations. It is a problem for the world now. We need to plan to adjust to these changes now to prevent future problems.

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