Farm-raised, “high bush” blueberries and the minute, out in the field, wild blueberries are an excellent source of nutrients and should be a part of everyone’s daily diet. Low in calories, with high fiber content and the essential vitamin C and vitamin C,blueberries pack a potent punch of antioxidants.
According to Rutgers University’s Marucci Center for Blueberry and Cranberry Research and Extension researcher Amy Howell, “We as scientists don’t see a big difference from a health perspective,”they’re both excellent.” The purple-blue pigment in blueberries is a result of anthocyanins, which keep cells safe from radical damage and promotes anti-inflammation. Plants for Human Health Institute at North Carolina State University in Kannapolis, North Carolina, director Mary Ann Lila says the blueberry is unique in its biochemical structure which targets inflammatory regions inside the human body.
Lending more support to the magnificent blueberry is that the Wild Blueberry Association of North America indicates that blueberries from the wild are the king of all berries and other fruits and vegetables! Citing a United States Department of Agriculture 2010 report, blueberries were virtually off the chart in terms of antioxidant values. Even Cornell University’s blueberry study substantiated the USDA report and noted that wild berries even demonstrated greater antioxidant protection than blueberries raised in commercial farming operations.
There are numerous contemporary research studies about the nutritional benefit of wild and farmed blueberries. A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry indicated that in a controlled group, individuals adding blueberry juice to their daily diet for 12 weeks acknowledged an improvement in the memory retention.Another study showed that obese individuals adding a freeze-dried blueberry powder to their daily smoothie demonstrated significant improvement in their insulin sensitivity.
For those individuals that enjoy ‘fresh’ raw blueberries, you’ll most likely have to resort to frozen blueberries, as the wild ones have a short shelf life after picking and the only means to maximize a harvest is to freeze them immediately after picking.