The notion that farming has been exploiting resources as a worldwide practice has been an issue of debate for several years. Signs of imbalance have been seen in the form of general alteration of a natural flora and fauna, wildlife population decline, pollution, and soil erosion. A parallel and unnatural phenomenon has been the exponential human population growth with related demands for shelter and food that have always exceeded the land’s natural carrying capacity. However, redefined advances have led to the emergence of modern technology in the agricultural industry.
The use of geographical location devices, computational technology, and remote sensing developments in agriculture has significantly changed the way the crops are managed. Integration of information has also created the management of knowledge as a way of achieving the production goals. Although uncertainty will always be a primary issue in agriculture, it can be controlled as an environmental problem using risk management strategies. This may call for the use of genetics on some soils in specific climatic conditions.
With new technologies, breakthroughs have continually been seen in the world food production. In addition to the increase in productivity, technology is used to renew the land that has been misused or overused through poor farming methods. In this case, sustainability is a survival issue, but it is far broader than the situation of soil erosion and habitat destruction. It includes food producers’ welfare, the goal of food production, and preservation of nonrenewable resources. Hence, any technology in agriculture is an enabling made-made component that can successfully bring these overriding objectives together.